Stiffness modulus prediction against basic physical and mechanical characteristics of recycled base course with foamed bitumen and emulsified bitumen
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Kielce University of Technology, Aleja Tysiaclecia Panstwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
Submission date: 2023-01-25
Final revision date: 2023-03-19
Acceptance date: 2023-04-11
Publication date: 2023-09-18
Archives of Civil Engineering 2023;3(3):95-112
The paper’s objective was to present the results of predicting the stiffness modulus of a recycled mix containing a blended road binder with foamed bitumen and emulsified bitumen. The Sm (acc. to IT-CY) indirect tensile test was used at temperatures of -10°C, 5°C, 13°C and 25°C. Prediction of the stiffness modulus accounted for the effect of temperature, the type of road binders, the sampling location and the type of technology selected. All effects, except temperature, were included in the model by entangling their effects through recycled base course physical and mechanical characteristics, such as indirect tensile strength, compressive strength, creep rate, air void content and moisture resistance. As a result, it was possible to determine a regression model based on multiple regression with a coefficient of determination R² = 0.78. Temperature and compressive strength were found to have the strongest effect on the variability of stiffness modulus. However, indirect tensile strength also significantly affected the Sm characteristic. In addition, FB-RCM (foamed bitumen) recycled mixtures proved to be more favourable than EB-RCM (emulsified bitumen) mixtures as they exhibited a lower deformation rate while retaining limited stiffness.
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