Influence of anchoring and bracing system on dynamic characteristics of façade scaffolding
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Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Nadbystrzycka 40St, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Submission date: 2023-07-31
Acceptance date: 2023-08-08
Publication date: 2023-12-21
Archives of Civil Engineering 2023;4(4):493-506
The basic dynamic characteristics of façade scaffolding are natural frequencies of vibrations and corresponding mode shapes. These properties affect the scaffolding safety, as well as comfort and safety of its users. Many of the dynamic actions present at scaffolding are in the low frequency range, i.e. below 10–15 Hz. The first natural frequency of a structure is usually in the range of 0.7 to 4 Hz which corresponds to resonant frequencies of human body and it means that vibrations induced at scaffolding may strongly affect the human comfort. The easiest way of increasing the rigidity of the structure is by ensuring correct boundary conditions (support, anchorage) and bracing of the structure. The numerical analysis was performed for the real scaffolding structure of medium size. The analysis consisted of natural frequencies calculation for the original structure and for models with modified bracing and anchoring systems. The bracing modifications were introduced by reducing or increasing the number of vertical bracing shafts. The anchor system was modified by reduction of the 6 anchors in the top right corner of the scaffolding in three stages or by evenly removing nearly 1/3 of the total number of anchors. The modifications of bracing and anchor systems resulted in changing the natural frequencies. The increase of natural frequencies due to higher number of anchors and more bracing is not even for all mode shapes. Bracing is more effective in acting against longitudinal vibrations, while anchoring against vibrations perpendicular to the façade.
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