On the basis of analyzing and studying the characteristics of gas occurrence in mining areas, the control effect of paleo-tectonic stress field on gas occurrence was discussed from three aspects of gas generation, preservation environment and gas migration. The results show that: (1) During the Indosinian and early-middle Yanshan period, the coal seam was buried deep, and the temperature and pressure conditions were suitable for massive gas generation, especially during the Indosinian period featuring massive gas generation and weak gas migration; (2) During the late Yanshan period, the metamorphic evolution rate of coal seams accelerated, secondary hydrocarbon generation occurred in the coal seams, and a large amount of gas was generated. Meanwhile, a large number of geological structures were formed due to the action of the tectonic stress field, and the gas migration was enhanced. The gas generation amount was much larger than the emission amount, therefore, making it still a period of massive gas generation in general; (3) During the Himalayan period, the coal measure stratum was in the uplift stage, and a large number of geological structures were developed in the stratum. The tectonic stress field in this period caused the escape of massive coal seam gas. Multi-stage tectonic stress field acted on coal measures strata in turn, resulting in gas generation in coal seam and gas migration at the same time. Besides, gas occurrence is the superposition effect of gas generation, preservation conditions, and gas migration in coal seam.
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