Application of ultrasonic pulse velocity test to concrete assessment in structures after fire
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Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Al. Armii Ludowej 16, 00-637 Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2020-12-20
Final revision date: 2021-02-09
Acceptance date: 2021-02-09
Publication date: 2021-09-08
Archives of Civil Engineering 2021;67(3):395-413
The paper presents the description and results of ultrasonic pulse velocity tests performed on heated beams. The studies aimed to verify the suitability of the UPV method for the assessment of the damaged external layer in the cross-section of RC members after a fire. Four beams heated in a planned way from the bottom (a one-way heat transfer) for 60, 120, 180 and 240 minutes and one unheated beam were examined. The tests were performed using an indirect UPV method (linear measurement on the heated surface). Reference tests were conducted using a direct UPV method (measurement across the member section, parallel to the isotherm layout). Exponential transducers were used for testing concrete surface, which was degraded in high temperature and not grinded. The estimated thicknesses of the destroyed external concrete layer corresponded to the location of the isotherm not exceeding 230oC. Therefore, this test can be used to determine at which depth in the member crosssection the concrete was practically undamaged by high temperature.
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