The Recently Built Polish Large Arch Bridges – a Review of Construction Technology
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Submission date: 2020-07-14
Final revision date: 2020-09-15
Acceptance date: 2020-09-15
Publication date: 2020-12-11
Archives of Civil Engineering 2020;66(4):7-43
Arch bridges are built since two thousand years at least. Structural materials changed during this time. The design methods were changed also. The biggest impact was noted with development of Finite Element Method and graphical methods of preparation of technical drawings which is strictly combined with development of computers. These processes appeared also in Polish construction industry, especially from the beginning of 90-ties XX century. But in this paper we do not consider mentioned above problems. We would like to present development of arch bridges from construction technology point of view. This aspect of creation of bridge structures is not very often the subject-matter of analysis. For many investors, design engineers and contractors optimization of structures is most important issue. For most of them the reduction of volume (weight) of structural material is only solution. But sometimes it is not true – the construction technology gives much more efficient results. We present below examples of realization in Poland medium and large span arch bridges – steel, concrete and hybrid structures.
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