Study on the dynamic development law of fissure in expansive soil under different soil thickness
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Changjiang Institute of Survey, Planning, Design and Research Corporation, Wuhan 430010, China
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, Hubei Province, China
Submission date: 2023-05-10
Final revision date: 2023-07-27
Acceptance date: 2023-08-08
Publication date: 2023-12-21
Archives of Civil Engineering 2023;4(4):519-534
Fissures are an important factor to induce slope instability of expansive soil channel, which destroys the integrity of soil mass and deteriorates soil mass. Currently, the research is limited to the fissures in the plane direction, and it is very important to reveal the development mechanism of fissures in expansive soils along the depth direction by studying the development law of fissures in expansive soils with different thicknesses. In this study, taking expansive soil on channel slope of the Middle Route Project of South-to-North Water Transfer as an example, crack expansion tests with thickness of 10 mm, 20 mm, 30 mm and 40 mm are carried out based on self-designed crack expansion test device. An innovative test method for volumetric fracturing rate is proposed and the following conclusions are drawn: (1) the later the cracking time of soil body is, the lower the water content of cracking and the higher the water content after stabilization when the soil body is thicker; (2) When the fissures develop in soils of different thicknesses, their plane fissure rate changes with time in accordance with the logistic law; (3) Volumetric fracturing increases significantly with thickness; (4) The development of fissures is the form of stress release of soil mass, and the release along depth direction is the main form for soil mass with large thickness. (5) It is of great significance to study the law of fracture development in depth direction for further exploring the mechanism of fracture propagation.
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