Rock mass classification in highway tunnel engineering during exploration phase and case study
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Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology, School of Civil Engineering, No. 90 Wangcheng Avenue, Luoyang, China
Submission date: 2022-07-20
Final revision date: 2022-10-18
Acceptance date: 2022-12-22
Publication date: 2023-06-30
Archives of Civil Engineering 2023;2(2):141-153
It is the foundation of tunnel engineering to classify the rock mass surrounding tunnels. However, it is not easy to precisely determine the class of rock mass in practice as sufficient geological exploration need to be completed before rock mass classification, and there exists some disputes referring to the rationalization of dozens of methods for rock mass classification through the world. The principles and procedures of the basic quality method, which are widely used in China, are presented in this paper, and the application process of the basic quality method is showed with a project case of Zhongnanshan highway tunnel which has operated in safety for nearly a decade. Then, both the advantages and disadvantages of the basic quality method are analyzed in terms of practical engineering applications. In consideration of the defects of the basic quality method, the concept of the subclassing of surrounding rock in grade III–V is developed in the end and the criterion is given to determine the subclass of rock mass. This study is aimed at providing some useful ideas and a reference for rock classification in highway tunnel engineering.
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