Nonlinear analysis of a hoist tower for seismic loads
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Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, ul. Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland
Submission date: 2021-11-03
Final revision date: 2022-01-31
Acceptance date: 2022-02-01
Publication date: 2022-09-30
Archives of Civil Engineering 2022;68(3):177-198
In recent years, the intensity of the loads caused by mining activity has increased in Poland. This exploitation is often carried out in urbanized areas, so their operation on structures is not only a social problem, but also a challenge for engineers. Many of the surface facilities safe use affects the failure-free operation of the mine. The paper presents the results of representative measurements of surface vibrations from mining areas in Poland and earthquakes and their comparison. Particular attention was paid to the values of PGA/PGV ratios and the most commonly used methods for dynamic calculation of the structure. The last part of the work presents an experimentally verified dynamical model of the selected RC skip tower. The forced vibrations of the model were analysed by taking representative earthquakes and mining origin tremors. Time history non-linear analysis and push over methods were used. The nonlinear concrete model was adopted in the analyses. The results show that pushover analysis is not able to capture the seismic demands imposed by far-field or near-fault ground motions, especially for short-period systems for which it can lead to significant errors in the estimation of the seismic demands. The results confirmed the qualitative results of the linear analysis. The carried out inventory of cracks to the skip tower also allowed their location in bearing elements of the skip tower. The results of non-linear numerical analyses allowed us to assess the safety of the structure.
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