Experimental investigations of steel cold-formed moment-resisting bolted lap joints under monotonic and cyclic loading
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RzeszowUniversity of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Al. Powstanców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
Submission date: 2023-06-02
Acceptance date: 2023-06-20
Publication date: 2023-12-21
Archives of Civil Engineering 2023;4(4):359-377
Joints in cold-formed steel framing structures are usually designed as bolted lap type ones with a gusset plate. Unlike the end-plate joints in hot-rolled structures, the load in such joints is transferred through shearing of the bolts and bearing of the material. The prediction of their structural properties may be problematic in viewof unfavourable influence of the hole clearance and hole ovalization resulting from low bearing resistance of thin walls. A few experimental programmes showed that these issues lead to a different behaviour of the whole joint comparing to common end plate type. These concerns may be particularly important for joints under variable loading, which are prone to deterioration of structural properties. The testing programme conducted by the authors was focused on their behaviour under monotonic and cyclic loading with attention to a potential drop of resistance and stiffness. Monotonic tests revealed quite similar course of the joints’ response. In view of high deformability of the specimens at the intermediate stage of each monotonic test, plastic moment resistances of joints were associated with the initial part of the moment-rotation curves and were multiple times lower than maximum moments obtained in the experiments. The quantities of deterioration of structural properties were determined based on cyclic tests. Drop of resistance and stiffness was observed for several levels of loading range, but the trend of decrease varied for each property. Application of the DIC technique allowed one to identify qualitatively and quantitatively the sources of joint deformability.
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