Effect of icing as a non-structural mass on the variation of natural frequency of a lightweight lattice structure
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University of Agriculture in Krakow, Department of Rural Building, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 59-130 Krakow, Poland
Submission date: 2022-10-20
Final revision date: 2023-04-12
Acceptance date: 2023-04-25
Publication date: 2023-12-20
Archives of Civil Engineering 2023;4(4):37-53
This paper analyzes the effect of additional masses for lattice structures on the nature of changes in the natural frequencies of the structure. An attempt to mathematically describe this nature and the scale of the effect with a known thickness of the icing layer was also made. The discussion concerns a structure with a sacred purpose – the Gate of the Third Millennium, located in the Lednickie Fields, in the Kiszkowo Municipality, Gniezno Poviat. The icing of structural bars (frost, rime) is treated as a source of additional masses, although the origin of non-structural mass is of secondary importance for the analysis in question. The analysis was carried out by Finite Element Method (FEM) modeling of the structure, assuming a single-parameter variation of its mass (that is, the additional mass of all elements of the test object varies proportionally to a single parameter, which is the outer surface of the element on which the ice layer is deposited). By solving the vibration eigenproblem for successive models, representing different intensities of icing of the object, the values of successive frequencies and descriptions of the corresponding eigenmodes were determined. The results obtained allow us to formulate a postulate that the possibility of a change in the mass of the analyzed object resulting from icing or other causes should be taken into account in strength analyses, wherein the dynamic properties of the structure play an important role, such as in assessing the susceptibility of the structure to dynamic loads.
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