BIM in the construction process – selected problems at the stage of implementation in Polish road engineering
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University of Zielona Góra, Institute of Civil Engineering, St. prof. Z. Szafrana 1, 65-516 Zielona Góra, Poland
Submission date: 2021-09-06
Acceptance date: 2021-09-06
Publication date: 2022-03-30
Archives of Civil Engineering 2022;68(1):623-633
The digitalisation of the construction process is a phenomenon that has been significantly accelerated in recent years. BIM (Building Information Modeling) technology is becoming increasingly popular with designers, contractors and investors and is being used, mainly in relation to buildings. In communication objects, the application of BIM is much more difficult, as confirmed by the shifting schedules during implementation trials in road design. And yet, BIM is not only about the design or execution of construction works, it is worth taking advantage of the new possibilities especially at the stage of using the facility. BIM in transportation infrastructure is already used in other countries, mainly in Scandinavia, where work on its implementation began at the beginning of this century. The preparation of appropriate procedures and standards, adjusted to national realities, requires gathering experience on pilot investments. The paper presents an analysis of the necessary initial data which will make it possible to apply BIM in the Polish road construction industry. Moreover, the main risks occurring at various stages of the construction process are presented. The aim of the article is to indicate the necessary actions that will allow the advantages of BIM technology to be used more fully in road investments. The implementation of BIM in Polish road construction is not a distant future but rather "tomorrow", so it is worth knowing the limitations and preparing for the upcoming changes.
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