Association analysis of human error causes of electric shock construction accidents in China
Jue Li 1
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School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha, Hunan, P.R.China
Submission date: 2021-09-29
Final revision date: 2022-01-08
Acceptance date: 2022-01-11
Publication date: 2022-06-30
Archives of Civil Engineering 2022;68(2):427-443
Electric shock accident is one of the main causes of fatal construction accidents. In this study, 101 electric shock accidents are analyzed to mine the potential associations of human errors. The modified Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is used to classify human factors of accident causes. Characteristics and potential causes of the accidents are identified by employing frequency analysis. Chi-square test and Apriori algorithm are utilized to explore the associations among the causes. Some significant association between any of two factors are shared. According to association rules using three criteria: support ( S), confidence ( C) and lift ( L), the two key paths are extracted based on the hierarchy of the HFACS. One is: organizational process loopholes → failed to correct problem → perceptual and decision errors ( S = 0•11, C = 0•423, L = 1•02), and the other is: organizational process loopholes!poor skill level ofworkers!routine violation ( S = 0•149, C = 0•789, L = 1•945). Managerial implications are proposed to prevent or reduce accidents based on interconnections of factors and key paths.
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